Fig trees are one of the oldest cultivated plants. Humanity has been growing these trees in order to be rewarded with their delicious sweet and healthy fruit for years. Figs are extremely easy to grow, and luckily since mankind has been growing them for generations we have fig growing down to an exact science. Follow these simple steps below for fig success!
When deciding where to plant your fig tree keep in mind that fig trees will perform best in full sun. They can tolerate shade, but prefer full sun. Plant them in an area that doesn’t get hit with harsh winter winds. Fig trees grown in containers should be placed by large sunny windows if kept indoors.
Once you’ve selected the perfect planting site dig a hole that’s three times wider than your tree’s root ball, and just as deep. Loosen the soil on the sides of the hole with a shovel or pitchfork. Next, remove any debris like dirt clumps, grass, or rocks from the hole. Place your tree in it, and make sure it’s level with the surrounding ground and standing straight up. Then backfill your hole and gently tamp the soil down. After the planting process is complete give your fig tree a slow deep watering by holding a hose at its base and counting to 20.
For container trees, select a container that’s slightly larger than the root ball. Add a mixture of your natural soil and organic planting mix to the container before you place your tree in it. Make sure your tree stands straight up in its container and give it a good drink of water until you see water coming out the bottom of the pot. If your pot doesn’t contain drainage holes, you can quickly add some with a small drill.
Fig trees have a fair drought tolerance. Once established they will need a deep watering once every one to two weeks. Feel your soil, if it feels like its drying out close to the surface then it’s time to water your tree. Trees kept in containers will often need more water than those planted in the ground. Keep on your trees more often during times of extreme heat or prolonged droughts.
Usually fig trees don’t require any fertilizing, unless you know that your lawn is lacking in nutrients. If you need to fertilize your trees it’s best to do so in the early spring. Use a slow release, well balanced organic fertilizer, like formula 10-10-10.
Most Fig varieties are self-pollinating. However, you’ll greatly increase your fruit yield with two or more trees. Natural pollinators like the wind and bees will carry pollen from bloom to bloom. You can also pollinate fig trees by hand.
Placing a 3 to 4 inch thick layer of mulch around the base of your trees will prevent weeds from growing. It will also regulate the soil temperature, and help the soil retain moisture. If you have weeds growing under your trees rip them out of the ground by placing a firm grip on them and pulling them upwards in a twisting motion.