Hass Avocado

SONY DSCThe Hass Avocado Tree is a low maintenance tree that will save you a lot of money by enabling you to grow large amounts of delicious avocados right on your own tree.  The Hass is typically the same avocado you buy at your local farmers market.  Follow these simple instructions to successfully harvest your own fruit right in your garden.

Location:

Although partial sun is okay, to produce Avocados in abundance, make sure you choose a planting area that gives your Hass Avocado Tree full sun.  Spacing with the Hass is important as well.  Give your avocado tree about 20 feet of space from other trees and plants.  Planting too close can rob your tree of vital nutrients.

Planting Instructions:

  1. Plant your Hass Avocado Tree when the ground is warm.  The best months for planting are typically March through June depending on where you live.

  2. Dig a hole twice as large as the tree’s root system. Remove any sod surrounding the planting area in a 3- to 10-foot circle to prevent the tree from competing with grass for much needed nutrients.

  3. Carefully plant the tree and cover the roots. Tamp the soil down around the tree’s root system to remove all air pockets.

  4. Using a small diameter wooden pole, stake the tree with a garden stake and tie the tree to the pole loosely using cotton twine. This will help keep the tree protected during windy conditions.

  5. hass2Apply 3 inches of bark chips around the tree to help with moisture retention and prevent the growth of weeds.

  6. Water the tree to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged until it is established.

  7. When planting add Espoma Citrus-Tone as per product instructions and mix with soil.

  8. Water the fertilizer completely into the soil.

Watering:

When planting, water your young avocado tree to be sure it is sufficiently hydrated. Otherwise allow the soil to dry between waterings.  Avocados do not like wet feet – this causes root rot which is the number 1 killer of home-grown avocados.  A deep watering once weekly is generally all your avocado needs.

While the roots prefer to stay on the dry side, avocado leaves love humidity.  Indoor Avocados will do best if misted daily especially when you are running heat during cooler months.  You can also use a humidifier or fill your pot’s saucer with rocks and add water; place your plant on the rocks ensuring the bottom of the pot is above the water line.

Pruning:

Prune the Haas avocado lightly to maintain appearance or to remove damaged branches during the first few years after planting.  Pruning should be done in the spring.  Once the tree is 5 years old, remove the top limbs by 10 feet.  Avoid pruning any of the lower branches.

Fertilizer:

Fertilize the Hass Avocado tree in the spring, summer, fall and winter, after the tree has been planted for one year using a citrus fertilizer like Espoma Citrus-Tone.

Pests:

Avocado Worms and Mites are 2 common enemies of the Hass Avocado Tree.  The worms will eat holes in leaves and bore into the fruit.  Mites will leave spots on foliage and webs on the underside of leaves.  Use insecticidal soaps for the mites and handpick the worms off your tree or treat with Bacillus thuringiensis.

hassTips:

  • Protect your Hass Avocado Tree from periods of intense sun by Whitewashing the tree trunk and branches.
  • If the tree’s leaves turn yellow, spray with a chelated foliar spray of trace elements containing iron.  Yellow leaves are an indication of an iron deficiency common among avocado trees that is easily corrected.