For warm weather locations, Palm Trees can be planted pretty much any time of year. For colder regions, it’s best to wait until the weather warms up a bit before planting. If there is going to be waiting period before you plant, keep the Palms roots moist but don’t soak them. Choose a location that receives a lot of sun, but while the tree is still young, try to limit direct sunlight to 3 hours per day. Dig a hole that is 1.5 to 2 times the width of the root ball.
Handle your palm tree carefully when placing it in the hole. Be especially careful of the tree’s roots and the bud, or heart because this is where your Palm Tree’s new growth will come from. Place the tree in the hole making sure the top of the roots are level with the surrounding soil.
Make sure the tree is straight and centered, then backfill the soil evenly ensuring the soil is loose enough to allow the roots to grow and spread, but firm enough to keep the tree upright.
Watering for the first several months after planting is critical to the overall health and successful growth of your Palm. Be sure to use water that is salt-free to avoid leave yellowing or spotting. Keep a watchful eye on the soil, making sure there is enough moisture present to prevent it from drying out completely. That being said, you also need to make sure that you don’t over water, which could lead to root disease and limit the establishment of new roots in the surrounding soil. The typical rule of thumb with Palms is to water once a week or more often as necessary, with less watering required during the dormant period in the winter.
To help enrich the soil and reduce competition from weeds, apply a heavy mulch around the trunk, using wood chips, cypress bark or lawn clippings. Apply at a depth of about 3 inches. This will also help to reduce water consumption.
Nutrients are vital for Palm trees to thrive. The sandy, well-drained soils they prefer have a tendency to allow nutrients to leach away quickly. You can apply palm fertilizers that contain the specific nutrients most suited for Palm trees. The slow release of these nutrients will provide consistent, targeted feeding to help your tree grow strong and healthy. If you prefer, you can use a balanced fertilizer containing 8-8-8 or a 12-6-12 fertilizer for quicker growth. To avoid yellowing and maintain a healthy shade of green coloring, feed your tree a few spoons full of Epsom salt.