HOW TO PLANT YOUR WINDMILL PALM:
Choose a location that will offer your Windmill Palm partial sunlight. Direct sunlight is okay, but partial is optimal because it will enable soil to maintain adequate moisture to promote better growth. Make sure the soil in the planting area drains well. A mix of 20% sand 80% dirt will give the Windmill Palm the planting conditions closest to its native environment. The chosen location should also provide sufficient protection against cold winds.
Visually inspect the roots of the tree then dig the hole wide enough so that it can encompass the entire root spread without bending any of the roots. Add some extra width to the hole to enable the tree to grow more easily, breaking away any compacted soil on the sides. The hole should be deep enough to accommodate the entire root system once covered.
Gently place the tree in the center of the hole, maintaining an upright position while carefully spreading the roots. Begin filling in the hole with soil covering the roots. Lightly tamp down the soil then water the area to help the soil settle around the roots. Add more soil as necessary, repeating the process of patting it down slightly and watering to help the soil settle and fill any air holes that may have formed. Fill in up to the ground level.
Water your Windmill Palm every other day for the first three months, then once a week for the remainder of the first year after planting. A constant source of water is imperative to ensure the required nourishment for healthy frond growth, to battle stress common among newly planted trees and to promote a strong root system. Watering after the first year depends upon the moisture retention in the planting area. Make sure the soil remains moist but not soggy. Warm summers may require more frequent watering, sometimes as much as twice weekly. It’s best to monitor the watering requirements during hot dry periods.
Windmill palm trees require soil rich in nutrients. If necessary, apply a slow-release, palm specific fertilizer (granule form or spikes) in the spring, summer and fall. If leaf blades become yellow it’s a sign that nutrients such as magnesium are depleted and fertilizer should be applied.
Apply 2-3 inches of mulch around the base of the tree to act as a protective barrier from weeds and insulate during colder months. Adding mulch will also help maintain moisture to reduce watering needs. You can apply Cypress Mulch or Pine Straw and add as necessary as it decomposes.